Dangers of COVID-19

The danger of COVID-19 is how contagious and elusive the virus is. The symptoms are known to be aches and pains, nasal congestion, runny nose, or sore throat. Symptoms appear gradually as time progresses and it becomes more visible. While only 1 in 5 reaches a critical condition, people who have underlying medical conditions like high blood pressure and diabetes are at risk. Their immune systems are weakened which places them in a position of risk. The rapid spread of the virus means that thousands are placed at constant risk if no proper action is taken. The death toll has already exceeded over 2 million globally, if ignorance overcomes action then this number will only increase. This is worsened by the reducing vacancy in medical facilities globally leaving more communities exposed to the spread of the virus.

Rapid Mutation

COVID-19 has been known to rapidly mutate. Past mutations have been observed to cause it to become more contagious. It had reached the point that it could infect animal populations like minks. These minks who carry the “cluster 5” strain could pass it on to humans who come in contact with them. It is important to understand an ever-developing virus. The latest D614g strain of COVID-19 has been known to be more infectious than its predecessor leading scientists to believe that there will be massive spikes in COVID cases in the near future. As of now the WHO claims they know of 60 nations that possess new variants of the COVID-19 virus. While it remains uncertain to what extent this virus can mutate it is best to ensure safety.

Vaccine Development and Impact

Currently, there are 6 vaccine candidates that have been approved for use in Indonesia. These are PT Bio Farma, AstraZeneca, Sinopharm, Moderna, Pfizer Inc, BioNtech, and Sinovac. The effectiveness of these vaccines ranges from 65%-95% which makes them some of the most effective vaccines. Common side-effects are fevers, headaches, and tiredness. However, if there are any underlying medical conditions these side effects can amplify. The goal is to create herd immunity therefore it's important that everyone gets vaccinated. There are exceptions of course such as individuals who do not meet the age requirement or are not physically fit to receive it. Physically fit may refer to the existence of any condition or illness that may interfere with the process.

Moderna

Effectiveness: 94%

Age Range: 18 and Older

Origin: USA

Interval Between Doses: 28 Days

Oxford-AstraZeneca

Effectiveness: 70%

Age Range: 18 and Older

Origin: UK

Interval Between Doses: 28 Days

Sinopharm

Effectiveness: 80%

Age Range: 18 or Older

Origin: China

Interval Between Doses: 28 Days

Pfizer-BioNTech

Effectiveness: 95%

Age Range: 16 and Older

Origin: USA

Interval Between Doses: 21 Days

Sinovac

Effectiveness: 65%

Age Range: 18 and Older

Origin: China

Interval Between Doses: 28 Days

Spread of Virus

The virus is mainly transmitted from human to human. However, it has been documented that animals have contracted the virus. The main methods of transmission are in the vicinity of an infected individual. The COVID virus mainly spreads through airborne means, entry through the nose and mouth are the most common instances. However, it is possible for the virus to enter through parts of the bodies such as cuts in the skin and the eyes if the person is in close vicinity with an infected individual. This is because the virus mostly spreads through respiratory droplets as the virus attacks the respiratory system.

Vaccine Rollout

The Vaccine rollout plan depends from nation to nation. However, it has been globally accepted that the essential workers and most vulnerable should be prioritized. The definition of essential varies from country to country. The first essential workers to receive the vaccine will be medical workers as they are by far the most exposed to the virus. While countries provide predictions for deployment not all plans remain on course and it is subject to rapid and sudden change. Therefore, it is best to remain patient as an end is within grasp as long as people remain patient and abide by procedure, conditions will see a gradual improvement.